Interesting Thomas Jefferson Facts | Third US President

Interesting Thomas Jefferson Facts | Third US President


This "Interesting Thomas Jefferson Facts" article is about 'third US president' who was one of the leading founding father of the USA and one of the Mount Rushmore president. He was born in Virginia on April 13, 1743.

3rd US President 

He was the third President (1801 - 1819) of the United States and second vice president under John Adams from 1797 to 1801 as well. He earned great reputation early in his career for drafting the Declaration of Independence. First US Secretary of State during Washington first term (1789 - 1793). He was the second governor of Virginia. He served as a diplomat in France and was quite inspired by the French revolution. He was the founder of the University of Virginia and designated as its first rector. 

Founder of Democratic-Republican Party

Thomas Jefferson laid foundations of Democratic-Republican Party with James Madison and became first US president who belonged to Democrat-Republic party.

Interesting Thomas Jefferson Facts

'Thomas Jefferson Facts | 3rd US President'

Religious Beliefs

Thomas Jefferson was religiously a bit controversial. In fact, he was not a disbeliever, he was religiously open-minded and believed in separation of State and Church. According to him, religion is one’s personal matter and state ought to have nothing to do with it.

Thomas Jefferson Facts 

He is often remembered as America’s Renaissance Man. Apart from being a great political figure, he was an archaeologist, musician, diplomat, inventor, author, educationalist, architect, historian, philosopher, lawyer and plantation owner,
 
He was fond of food, liked writing letters, loved wines and keeping birds. He was quite casual regarding personal appearance and not a good public speaker.
 
He was a book lover and had one of the largest collection of books at his time. When Library of Congress was destroyed the British in 1814, he offered personal library as a replacement.

Thomas Jefferson as President

In 1797 presidential election he lost by John Adams but he became president by beating John Adams in 1803. That was the first peaceful power of transfer from one party to other. Again he won presidential elections in 1805.
 
Aaron Burr and then George Clinton were his vice president in the first and second term. Burr killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel, he could not be sentenced but this incident just ended his career. He first term as US president was quite successful. He released all persons arrested in accordance controversial Alien and Sedition Acts, acts that were passed by Adams government restrict foreign resident’s activities, freedom of speech and press. His grandson was the first children born in White House. As a president, he reduced functional expenditure and national debt significantly. 

Louisiana Purchase 

As president he negotiated and made possible Louisiana Purchase in 1803 for $15 million, Louisiana was a large area of French America stretching from the west of Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains the purchase doubled the area of USA at that time. He launched expeditions to explore, survey and mapped the western territories.

Embargo Act

In 1807, he led Congress to pass embargo act that eventually had failed to achieve its objective and backfired (caused severe setbacks to imports & exports). Before leaving the office he replaced it with Non-Intercourse Act which reopened trade except France and Britain.

Two Terms without any Veto

He is the only two-term president who never exercised the power of veto.

Thomas Jefferson and Slavery

Though apparently h, was against slavery, he abolished the slave trade in 1897 but he was a lifetime slaveholder. He inherited about 50 slaves and till his death, the toll had increased more than five times. He had sexual relationship, with one of slave female Sally Heming and father of her six children.
 
In 19804 when Haiti got rid from France occupation and emerged as the first black republic, he did not recognize Haiti as an independent country. In fact, he worked to isolated it diplomatically along with European powers as none of the European countries recognize its independence.
 
Earlier as a temporary maneuver, he provides underhand support to Haitian struggle just France to think selling Louisiana. Later he ruthlessly opposed Haitian independence as like other European he was also terrified that black uprising would come in his country as well. He blocked US Haiti trade completely in 1806.

Thomas Jefferson Death

He died on July 4, 1926, just hours before second US president John Adam. Remember on that day Americans were celebrating their 50th independence day.

 

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