Information about 29 States of India

Information about 29 States of India


This general knowledge article is about the "Information about 29 States of India" of India.

How many states in India?

Today India has 29 states and seven territories. Following is the list of these states with their corresponding capitals.

Names of Indian States

information about 29 states of India

 

State

Capital 

1

Andhra Pradesh

Amravathi (Hyderabad is the older one & expected to be used in parallel till 2024)

2

Arunachal Pradesh

Itanagar

3

Assam

Dispur

4

Bihar

Patna

5

Chhattisgarh

Raipur

6

Goa

Panaji

7

Gujarat

Gandhinagar

8

Haryana

Chandigarh (shared with Punjab)

9

Himachal Pradesh

Simla, Dharamsala (Winter Capital)

10

Jammu & Kashmir

Srinagar, Jammu (Winter)

11

Jharkhand

Ranchi

12

Karnataka

Bengaluru (old name Bangalore)

13

Kerala

Thiruvananthapuram

14

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

15

Maharashtra

Mumbai

16

Manipur

Imphal

17

Meghalaya

Shillong

18

Mizoram

Aizawl

19

Nagaland

Kohima

20

Odisha (Earlier called Orissa)

Bhubaneshwar

21

Punjab

Chandigarh (shared with Haryana)

22

Rajasthan

Jaipur

23

Sikkim

Gangtok

24

Tamil Nadu

Chennai 

25

Telangana

Hyderabad

26

Tripura

Agartala

27

Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow

28

Uttarakhand

Dehradun

29

West Bengal

K olkata

information about 29 states of India

29 States of India - Map

Let’s now have a brief intro of these states. In the braces, you find the year of statehood (statehood-year)

Bihar (1950)

It is one of the eastern states. At the time of partition, many Muslim Bihari’s had migrated to East Pakistan, after 1971 when East Pakistan broke away as Bangladesh they did not take Bangladesh nationality as they identified themselves as Pakistani. Unfortunately Pakistan till now has not owned them and they are living in miserable conditions in specified camps in Bangladesh. It is the 3rd most populous state in India. Odessa and Jharkhand were once part Bihar.

Chhattisgarh (2000)

Chhattisgarh is an economically backward central Indian state. It is surrounded by seven other states. It was derived from Madhya Pradesh. Its area is almost equal to Sindh, Pakistan.

Goa (1961)

Goa is the smallest Indian state. It was not freed in 1947 as it was colonized by Portugal not Britain. India annexed it forcefully with the will of the inhabitants in 1961. With Portuguese architect and some of the best beach resorts at Malabar Coast of India mark it worth to see.

Gujarat (1960)

Gujarat is the state of Modi, he was chief minister of Gujrat before being elected Prime MiMinsterf India. Thousands of Muslims were killed in Hindu Muslim riots in 2002. It is located in the western India borders Pakistan and the Arabian Sea. 

Haryana (1966)

Haryana is a western agricultural state near Pakistan. It was carved out of Punjab.

Himachal Pradesh (1971)

It is the northern mountainous state that was formed by merging various princely states in 1950; Shimla is its capital.

Jammu and Kashmir (1948)

It is an autonomous Muslim majority Indian state. The region is controversial. Pakistan, India and China have their control in different segments. Azad Kashmir (POK for Indians) and Gilgit & Baltistan are under Pakistan’s control. Aksai Chin and Shaksgam valley are under China occupation whereas Jammu Kashmir (Maqbooza Kashmir for Pakistanis) is under India occupation. It has its own constitution and flag.

Jharkhand (2000)

It is a tribal, forested and mineral rich state. Earlier it was part of Bihar.

Madhya Pradesh (1956)

Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state, known as the heart of India: located in central India.

Maharashtra ((1960)

It was formerly part of Bombay province. It is the second most populated and a western coastal state. Bla Thakray(late) and Shiv Sena have remained its identity for many people.

Odisha (1950)

Odisha is an eastern Indian state on the Bay of Bengal, with area roughly equal to Bangladesh. It is an Oriya speaking tribal state that was the first state established based on linguistic grounds. It was formerly known as Orissa whereas Utkal is Odisha ancient name. Famous bloodiest battle of Kalinga which was fought in this region (remember Asoka movie) that changed king Ashoka completely. 

Punjab (1966)

Literal meaning of Punjab is 'Land of Five Rivers'. It is a north-western state. Earlier before partition, it was a quite big state. First, it was divided in 1947 between Pakistan and India. Then so far Indian Punjab has divided into three parts. It is a Sikh majority state. Land of Punjab is quite fertilize about 84% of the land is used for cultivation.

Rajasthan (1948)

Rajasthan is a western state bordering Pakistan. It is famous for the Thar Desert and its typical rich culture. Its nick name is 'Land of Kings'. It is the largest Indian state.

Sikkim (1975)

Sikkim is surrounded by Nepal, Bhutan and China from three sides. It is the second smallest and least populated state of India. It has quite deep imprints of Buddhist culture. It had been a princely state until it became part of India in 1975. Sikkim along with Meghalaya are the only states that border only one other state.

Uttar Pradesh (1947)

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of India. It is located in northern India, the literal meaning of Uttar Pradesh is ‘Northern Province'. It is commonly known as UP, earlier its name was United Province. In fact, it is the most populous state/province in the whole world. .and is located in Northern India. Symbol of love Taj Mahal lies in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It borders most other states: eight.

Uttarakhand (2000)

This mountainous state was formerly part of Uttar Pradesh, located in Northern India. It is the only state with Sanskrit as the official language. Devbhumi is its nickname.

West Bengal (1947)

It was a single Bengal province before partition: in 1947 East Bengal became East Pakistan and ultimately Bangladesh in 1971. It is one of the three states that borders three different countries (Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan) and has the longest international border.

Click here to know about seven sister and southern states

Click here to test your knowledge about Indian states


 

Related Articles