Morocco Facts and Information

Morocco Facts and Information


This article "Morocco Facts and Information"' is about an African country Morocco that lies in Maghreb region of North America. It is the westernmost Arabic country in the world as well. It is the fifth largest African economy and one of the top tourist destination in the continent.

Morocco Beauty

Morocco Facts

Full Name

Kingdom of Morocco

Capital

Rabat

Morocco Area

446,550 sq.km

712,550 sq.km (including Western Sahara)

Morocco population

‎36 millions

Language

Arabic, French, Berber

Currency

Dirham

Religion

Islam

Independence Year

1956

Demonym

Moroccans

The form of Government

Monarchy with Parliament

Continent

Africa

Blue City Morocco

"Morocco Facts and Information"

Morocco Location

Morocco is located in North Africa. In fact, it forms the most northwestern part of the continent. The Mediterranean Sea is at the north of Morocco. Towards the east, it has a long border with Algeria. In the west, it has a coastline with Northern Atlantic Ocean. Western Sahara is located in the South of Morocco.

Morocco considered Western Sahara its integral part but the region is disputed and many countries recognized it an independent nation. Anyhow, if we considered Western Sahara part of Morocco then Morocco has the border with Mauritania as well. Just for your information, Morocco controlled more than two-thirds of the region which is recognized independent country by more than forty countries.

Morroco Map

African Monarchy

Morocco is one of the only three African countries where monarchy still exists. Other two are South African countries Lesotho and Swaziland. Alaouites dynasty roots back to 17th century.

Both Mediterranean and Atlantic Coastlines

Morocco is one of only three countries in the world that is bordered by both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Spain and France are the other two countries featuring beautiful beaches from both bodies of water.

Geography of Morocco

In contrast to other countries of North Africa, most of the Morocco terrain is mountainous.

Morocco Mountains

Atlas mountain range dominates central Morocco. In fact, it is divided into subranges. Jebel Toubkal with the height of 13,664 feet is the highest point of Morocco, Atlas Mountains, North Africa and Arab World. There are fertile plains in mountain valleys and coastal areas. Most of the Moroccans live in the east of Atlas Mountains.

Jebel Toubkal - Atlas Mountains

Rif Mountains lies in northern Morocco that cut off the Mediterranean coastline from the rest of Morocco. Two Harbors on the Mediterranean: Ceuta and Melilla enclaves still disputably under the control of Spain. Here Spanish footprints trace back to the 15th century.

Northern Mountains Morocco

A portion of the Southern region is covered by Sahara desert whereas disputed Western Sahara is completely part of Sahara.  Sebkha Tah in Western Sahara is the lowest point of Morocco with 180 feet below sea level. Moulouya River is the largest in the country that empties in the Mediterranean Sea.

Morocco Desert

History of Morocco

According to latest archeological evidence Morocco is the region that can be attributed to the origin of Human race as opposed to Ethiopia. Human fossils discovered in Morocco are about 200,000 years old, far older than 200,000 years old fossils that had found in Ethiopia earlier. Berbers are indigenous of Morocco, living there for thousands of years.  In 12,000 BC Phoenicians came and ruled here. Later Morocco was ruled by Carthaginians and Roman subsequently. In the 8th century, Muslims came here and almost all region embraced Islam. After the Umayyad dynasty, it remained under the control of Abbasid and then Fatimid in a loosely controlled way. Even the later local rulers remained under the influence of Ottoman Caliphate. In the 20th century, it became the protectorate of Spain and France. After the WW2, Morocco gained independence in 1956.

Morocco Ancient City - Morocco History

Morocco and USA

Morocco was the first country who recognized the USA as an independent country. Later in 1786, It also became the first country to sign a treaty with the USA.

Capital of Morocco and Biggest Cities in Morocco

The capital of Morocco is Rabat, whereas Casablanca is the biggest city of the country with the population of around 4 million.

Casablanca

Other major cities in Morocco are Marrakech was known as Red city, Fes, Tangier, Tetouan, Sale, Agadir, Meknes, Oujda, Nador and Kenitra. Fes old capital of Morocco is Morocco oldest city. Casablanca is the main port of Morocco.

Red City Marrakech Morocco

Red City

Morocco Regions

Regions are the primary administrative unit in Morocco. There are 12 regions in total. Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra is the largest region located in disputed Western Sahara. Otherwise in mainland Drâa-Tafilalet is the largest region. Northern region “Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma” is the smallest one. Casablanca-Settat is the most populous region in the country. Regions are further divided into 62 provinces and 13 prefectures.

Morocco Demographics

  • Morocco is a Muslim country with more than 98% Muslim population. Most of the remaining are Christian and Jews.
  • Ethnically, more than 99% of Moroccans are primarily Berber (North African indigenous people) and Arabic descent.
  • Life expectancy is 75 years.
  • Primary education is free and compulsory, the literacy rate is around 75%.  Around 62% of Moroccans live in urban areas.
  • Morocco population is relatively very young, about 70%, are under the age of 30.
  • Most of the people speak Arabic and Berber language whereas French is used in business and government sectors.
  • Around 62% of the population lives in urban areas. 

Morocco Flag

Morocco Fag

Flag of Morocco is quite simple with the Red background. In the middle, it has a green five corner star or pentagram with the black border. Five corners symbolize five pillars of Islam that are Shahada: Faith. Salah: Prayer, Zakat: Charity, Sawm: Fasting and Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca. Overall green pentagon depicts the seal of Solomon. Red color represents courage, strength and determination while green is the traditional color of Islam. It was introduced in 1915 though at that time it could only be used inland as Morocco was not an independent country. After independence in 1956, it has been used as the national flag. Width height ratio is 2:3.  

Morocco Major Minerals

Phosphate, Cobalt, Zinc, Manganese, Iron ore, Barite, Lead, and Fluorspar.

Morocco Fertile Valley

Morocco Facts

Morocco Major Industries

Mining, Leather goods, Construction, Agriculture, Tourism, Processed Foods, Pesticides, Fertilizers, Textiles and Animal Feeds

Morocco Major Corps

 Wheat, barley, oranges; tomatoes, dates and olives.


 

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