Interesting Facts about Chile

Interesting Facts about Chile


In this "Interesting Facts about Chile" article, we shall discuss a long ribbon-like South America country Chile. Chile is one the most stable and prosperous South American country with the area around African country Zambia, or equal to double of US state Montana or about 94% of Pakistan total area.

Interesting Facts about Chile

Full Name

República de Chile (Republic of Chile)

Capital

Santiago1

Chile Area

756,100 sq.km

Chile population

18 million

Language

Spanish

Currency

Peso

Religion

Roman Catholic

Independence Year

Declared Independence in 1810 and formally got in 1818

Demonym

Chilean

Form of Government

Presidential Republic

Chile-Patagonia

Chile Patagonia

Chile Location

Chile is located in South America. It is a long pencil-like country. In east Chile has a long border with Argentina along Andes mountain range.  About 5,300 kilometers long border is the third longest international border. In the northeast, it has the border with landlocked country Bolivia and Peru have a small border with Chile in North. Chile has a long Pacific coast in the west and south. In this way, Chile is one of the two South American countries that do not have a border with Brazil.   

chile location on world map

Chile location on world map

Longest Country in the World

Chile is the longest (north to south) country in the world.

Southernmost Inhabited Continental Land

Chile Is southernmost Inhabited Continental Land in the world; obviously, Antarctica is southernmost uninhabited land.

Narrowest Country in the World

Chile is the narrowest (length-width ratio) country in the world.

Driest Area in the World

 

Atacama Desert Chile

Chile Desert

Chile Geography

Geographically Chile is a quite diverse country and has bestowed a variety of landscape with four seasons summer, winter, autumn and spring. The northern part of Chile is quite dry and deserted area. The Atacama Desert is located here. Long Andes mountain range passes through eastern Chile along all its length. Central Chile is a valley area between the Andes and coastal range. It is the most fertile and populated area of Chile, Chile three biggest cities Santiago, Valparaiso and Concepcion are all in this region.

Chile desert Atacama

Chile Atacama Desert

Southern Chile is sparsely populated cold area and gets colder as you approach southern tip. This includes Chile Patagonia area with a lot of glaciers, fjords and lakes.  The southernmost area around has unnumbered small islands and called Archipelagoes of Patagonia. Both Cape Horn and Magellan Strait are here.

Chile Andes

Andes Mountains

Chile Volcanoes

Chilean Andes located on famous ring of fire where South African and Nazca pales meet. There are more than 600 volcanos in Chile from which around 50 are active

Chile Volcano

Easter Island

World famous remote Pacific Ocean Easter island is also part of Chile.

Easter Island Chile

Easter Island Mysterious Statues

History of Chile

Chile earliest inhabitant came here around 10,000 BC. Incas occupied Northern Chile in their empire in the 15th century.  Fernando Magallanes was the first European who saw Chile during the expedition to visit around the globe. Soon in 1533, Spain ended Incas Empire and incorporated Chile in Spanish colonial empire. It remained under Spanish occupation around 300 years though native Mapuche posed resistance throughout this period in the southern area. In 1810, during Napoleonic wars Chile declared independence and under the leadership of Jose de San Martin formerly earned it in 1818.  From 1979 to 1884, Chile was in war with Bolivia and Peru that increased Chile area about one third and left Bolivia a landlocked country.

Capital of Chile and Biggest Cities in Chile

Santiago is the Chile capital, its biggest and oldest city as well. Valparaiso, it is the legislative capital of Chile, second largest city and an important Pacific seaport. Concepcion, La Serena, Arica, Talca, Antofagasta, Temuco, Rancagua and Puerto Montt are other big cities of Chile.

Chile Regions – Statoid    

The primary administrative division level is Region. There are 15 regions. Provinces are secondary administrative division units, there are 54 provinces in Chile. Magallanes is the largest and southernmost region. Santiago is the smallest and most populated region, Chile capital is also at here, it is the only landlocked region. Patagonian region Aysén is the least populated.

Chile Demographics

Most of the Chileans speak Spanish though native Mpachu usually speak their own language. Christianity is the major religion with around 70% Catholics. It is highly urbanized country, around 90% live in urban areas, 40% only in capital Santiago and surrounding areas. The literacy rate is more than 95%. Average life expectancy is 81. More than 90% of Chile have the have blood from both natives and European.

Chile Flag

Chile flag has very much resemblance to Texas flag: lone star flag. It consists of two white and red bands. Top white band depicts snow of Andes range. Red represents the blood shed by freedom fighters to gain independence. There is a blue square with a white flag at Canton. Blue reflects the sky and Pacific. Whereas star symbolizes the honor and progress. The flag was adopted in 1817, during the war of independence. The flag also resembles the flag used by natives Mapuche.

Chile Flag

Chile Flag

Major Industries

Copper, fish processing, iron & steel, wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles.

Major Corps

Sugar, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, Grapes, apples, pears, onions, beans

Major Minerals

Copper, nitrates, lithium , timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum


 

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