Understanding Brazil History | Brazil History Timeline

Understanding Brazil History | Brazil History Timeline

In my earlier post  History of Brazil, I covered Brazil history briefly till 1800. In this "Understanding Brazil History" article, I'll try to present a snapshot of the onward history of Brazil

Brazin Independence

At the start of 19th century, Napoleon captured Portugal. Portuguese king with all its court moved to Brazil. Now Rio De Janeiro (pronounced as Rio Je Janeiro ) became the capital of Portuguese empire. King removed many restrictions like allowed industrialization to boom the economy which was banned earlier. New theaters, buildings, halls and libraries were built.  Few years after the end of Napoleonic wars King returned back to Portugal. His son Dom Pedro stayed there. The heat of independence movements was at peak these years in Latin America. One by one most of the countries got free. In 1822 the prince also broke away with Portugal and Brazil became independent country though Portugal did not recognize it before 1825. Uruguay that was part of Brazil got independent at the end of Cisplatine War in 1828.

Pedro II

Pedro I soon abdicated that caused instability in the country until Pedro II settled the things in the mid of 19th century. Pedro made the coffee main export of the country, he built railway infrastructure across the country to facilitate the coffee export. In 1864, Brazil and its allies Argentina and Paraguay were involved in a bloody war against Paraguay which eventually they won.

End of Slavery

Though Pedro I had ended slave trade within the first decade of Brazil independence, slavery was legal in Brazil till 1888. In fact, it was the last country in America which abolished it. In 1888, slavery institution was officially ended by Pedro II's daughter.

First Republic (Velha)

In 1889 Brazilian army against the public sentiments ended the monarchy, forced the royal family to leave the country and made the country a Republic. Subsequently, Brazilian flag was also changed.  In 1930, Pedro died in exile. His death in exile caused great grief among Brazilian public. His remains were returned back to Brazil at their request in 1921 and reburied there with all due respect

Vargas Era

The so-called 1930 (something like socialist) revolution ended the first Republic. In 1931 the construction of iconic Christ the Redeemer Statue was completed.  During the World War 2, Brazil remained neutral in the initial years of both great world wars but joined by Allied sides in the second half.  Brazil remained under the dictatorial rule of Getúlio Vargas from 1930 to 1945 with the support of the army. In 1945, the army forced him to resign. He regained power by winning 1950 election but could not stabilize the country. In 1954 army again asked his resignation, he opted to shot himself.

The second Brazilian Republic

The weak democratic era from 1946 to 1964 is called the Second Brazilian Republic. This unstable and full of military establishment influence era also called "Republic of 46". In 1960, Brazil moved its capital to new build city Brasilia.

Brazilian military government

1n 1964 army staged a long-lasting coup, ended in 1985. The military rule was quite strict initially though became less oppressive in the late 1970's.

Third Republic

Democracy is going on uninterrupted since 1985. In 1988 a new constitution with reduced presidential powers was adopted. In 2011 Dilma Rousseff became country first women President. Michel Temer sis Brazil current president.

Understanding Brazil History

Understanding Brazil History

Brazil History Timeline

Following is the brief Brazil history timeline

  • Around 10,000 BC The first humans came in Brazil
  • In 1,000 BC, farming started in some areas
  • In 1494, Treaty of Tordesillas was signed that had set the destiny of Brazil before it discovered
  • In 1500, Pedro Alvares Cabral set foot in Brazil
  • In 1530, the Portuguese established a colony in Brazil
  • In 1549, Salvador is made the first capital of Brazil
  • In 1624, the Dutch attacked Brazil
  • In 1660, both Dutch and French had been pushed out of Brazil
  • In 1722, gold was discovered in Brazil
  • In 1763, Rio de Janeiro became the new capital of Brazil
  • In 1807, Rio de Janeiro became capital of the Portuguese empire
  • In 1808, Napoleon occupied Portugal and Portuguese king fled to Brazil
  • In 1809, French Guyana was captured (returned in 1817, after the fall of Napoleon)
  • In 1822, Brazil declared itself independent
  • In 1825, Brazil became independent
  • In 1828, Uruguay became independent (declared in 1825)
  • In 1840, Dom Pedro II child of Pedro I was crowned.
  • In 1864, Paraguayan war started, Brazil and his fought with Paraguay and eventually defeated Paraguay in 1870
  • In 1889, slavery was abolished
  • In 1889, Brazil became a republic
  • In 1903, former Bolivia's Acre region was annexed as the state of Acre (one of the most remote Brazilian state with the most number of uncontacted tribes)
  • In 1932, the right of the vote was granted to women
  • In 1945, Vargas ousted in a military coup
  • In 1950, Vargas reelected
  • In 1954, Vargas shot himself as army interrupted again in 1954
  • In 1958, Brazil won its first world cup later won four more (1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002)
  • In 1960, a new city Brasilia became capital of Brazil
  • In 1964, the army staged a coup lasted about 20 years
  • In 1985, the first election after the long military rule was held
  • In 1988, Brazil adopted a new constitution
  • In 2006, BRICS founded, an association of five major emerging national economies and Brazil is one of the five
  • In 2011, Dilma Rousseff became first woman president of Brazil

Stay tuned for more like "Understanding Brazil History" to come.


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