What is Hemisphere | What is Equator | Hemispheres Facts

What is Hemisphere | What is Equator | Hemispheres Facts


What is Hemisphere?

Earth is a sphere and half of the sphere is called hemisphere.

Now if the earth is divided horizontally into two halves from the equator the Northern half is called Northern Hemisphere whereas southern half is called Southern hemisphere.

Now if we take hemisphere of earth from the meridian line (Greenwich, England), the left half is called Western half whereas right half is called Eastern Hemisphere.

What is the Equator?

The Equator is the imaginary line around the world (at the horizontal center of the earth), along the equator duration of day and night, are equal.

Countries on the Equator

There are 11 countries from which equator passes through. Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador are the South American countries that lie on the equator. Such African countries are São Tomé and Príncipe, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, and Somalia. Indonesia is the only Asian country from which equator passes.

Island of Kiribati and Maldives lie on both sides of the equator.

Two countries that are named of the equator are Ecuador (means Republic of the Equator) and Equatorial Guinea (it is not on the equator but leis on both side of the equator)

What is Hemisphere | Equator | Prime Meridian | Hemispheres Facts

Yellow Line is the Equator and Red Line is Meridian

What is Meridian Line?

Meridian line is also an imaginary line around the world that passes through England city Greenwich (something like a vertical cut) intersects the poles as well. It is used for GMT time zero and indicates 0° longitude.

Countries lie on Prime Meridian Line

The prime meridian line passed through three European countries UK, France, and Spain. It also passes through five African countries Algeria, Mali, Burkina Faso, Togo and Ghana

 Seasons and hemisphere

Southern and Northern hemisphere have contrast season throughout the year. It means when from October to February it is winter in Northern hemisphere but winter in the southern hemisphere and vice versa in mid-month of the year.

Northern Hemisphere Facts

  • About 90 percent of world population in the Northern hemisphere.
  • Northern hemisphere contributes about 90% of pollution
  • World highest mountains, largest country, most populous country, largest desert and largest island all are in the Northern hemisphere.

Southern Hemisphere Facts

  • World longest mountain chain and driest place (Atacama Desert) are in Southern Hemisphere.
  • Sao Paulo (Brazil) is the is the largest city of Southern Hemisphere
  • Southern hemisphere consists of one-third of world land.
  • Madagascar is the biggest island in the southern hemisphere.
  • Southern Cross is iconic patterns of stars in the southern hemisphere night sky, five countries in southern hemisphere show it in their flags.
  • The highest mountain in the Southern hemisphere is Aconcagua
  • Brazil is most populous and largest country in the southern hemisphere.

Western Hemisphere Facts

  • Canada is the largest country in the western hemisphere.
  • Brazil is the most populous country in the western hemisphere.
  • North and South America are completely lie in the Western hemisphere.
  • The highest mountain in the Western hemisphere is Aconcagua

Only Continent that lies in all hemispheres

Africa is the only continent in the world that is in all four hemispheres.

Only Country that lies in all hemispheres

Kiribati is the only country in the world that lies in all four hemispheres.

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