Gulf Facts | Largest Gulf in the World | What is a Gulf

Gulf Facts | Largest Gulf in the World | What is a Gulf

What is a Gulf

A gulf is a large body of water enclosed by land from about three sides, with a narrow mouth connected to the sea. Continental drift normally plays a vital role in the creation of Gulf.

Difference between Gulf and Bay

Gulf and Bay are water bodies connected with sea or ocean that are surrounded by land from three sides. The difference between these two is not well defined. Bay is the relatively small body of water with a wider opening in contrast to gulf which has a  narrow opening. Bays are usually alike semi-circle whereas gulf are more enclosed by land. Read more about Bay at here.

Largest Gulf in the World Gulf of Mexico.

World largest gulf is the Gulf of Mexico, it is connected with both the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf is another world most famous Gulf. it is surrounded by Arabian countries and Iran at its East. It is quite famous due to oil resources in it and thus an important trade route. Bahrain is its largest island. You will not find the name of all bays and gulf according to differences between them like Hudson Bay is classified as bay not gulf despite its huge size.

Major Asian Gulfs

  • Gulf of Ob is famous Russian gulf it connects to Kara Sea and lies in north-central Russia. It forms the delta of world seventh longest river Ob.
  • Gulf of Oman surrounded by Iran and Oman
  • Gulf of Aden in between Yemen and Horn of Africa. In fact, it is open from two sides.
  • Gulf of Aqabah and Gulf of Ques are at two sides if Sanai Peninsula of Egypt.
  • Gulf of Thailand in Indochina (South East Asia)

Famous Australian Gulfs

  • The Gulf of Carpentaria opens to Arafura Sea of Indian Ocean, it lies to the opposite side of Great Australian Bight
  • Gulf of Joseph Bonapart borders Western Australia province and Northern Territories, it is named after Napoleon brother Joseph Bonapart by the French explorer who discovered it. It opens to Sea of Timor  
  • Gulf of Papua borders to Papua New Guinea and connects to the Coral Sea. Pom City that is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea lies o the shores of this Gulf

Famous European Gulfs

  • Gulf of Bithynia, Gulf of Riga, Gulf of Danzig and Gulf of Finland are along the Scandinavian and Baltic countries
  • Gulf of Lyons borders Spain and France lies opposite to the Bay of Biscay
  • Itlay is known as boot due to its show like shape, the gulf at the bottom of this boot is Gulf of Taranto

African Gulfs

  • If we see at the top of Africa map, we would find a rectangularly shaped penetration of Mediterranean Sea in the Centre of North Africa, it contains tow major gulfs of Africa. Firs, Gulf of Gabes between Libya and Tunisia. Second Gulf of Sirte surrounded by Libya.
  • Another notable African gulf is the Gulf of Guinea

Famous American (North & South) Gulfs

  • Gulf of Amundsen opens to the Pacific Ocean, It is named after Roald Amundson who discovered and passes through it in his successful voyage to find North West route that Hudson failed to find. It was also Amundson who first ever reached the North Pole
  • The Gulf of California is a thin long gulf surrounded by mainland Mexico and its Baja California Peninsula opens to the Pacific Ocean
  • Gulf of St. Lawrence opens in the Atlantic Ocean along Canada, it is connected to great lakes via St. Lawrence River.
  • Gulf of Alaska lies between Canada and USA (Alaska) opens to the Pacific Ocean     
  • Gulf of Panama, Gulf of Darien, Gulf of Honduras and Gulf of Paria are famous Caribbean Gulfs
  • Gulf of Guayaquil surrounded by Ecuador and Peru and opens to the Pacific Ocean 
  • Gulf of San Jorge and Gulf of San Matias are two famous gulfs in Atlantic along Argentina


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