Geography of Kazakhstan

Geography of Kazakhstan

In this general knowledge article "Geography of Kazakhstan", we shall have a brief intro of a large and mysterious country. It is the largest central Asian country. It is the world ninth largest country. Kazakhstan is the largest country apart from Russia which was part of former the Soviet Union.

Largest Landlocked Country

Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked country in the world.

Transcontinental Country

It is transcontinental country, its area west of Ural Mountains lies in Europe.

Kazakhstan Neighbors

Russia is in Kazakhstan’s North, in east China lies whereas Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan are located in the south. In the North West, it borders Russia whereas in the south-west has a long coastline at the Caspian Sea. It has some border disputes with Russia, Uzbekistan and Chine.

Kazakhstan Seas

As we know that Kazakhstan is a landlocked country but it is also far away from any Ocean in the world. Even then it is blessed with a great variety of landscape. Though it does not have any ocean coast but it borders the large inland seas, Caspian (largest landlocked sea) and Aral Sea (that has squeezed drastically to 25% of original size, due to ill planned irrigation projects during the Soviet era). In fact, Kazakhstan has its own navy that operates in the Caspian Sea.

Caspian Depression

There is great Caspian Depression in western Kazakhstan along the Caspian Sea, even the Caspian Sea itself is about 28 meters below the sea level. At Karagiye, the lowest point in the country, the land is about 132 meters below the sea level and thus becomes the fifth deepest depression in the world. In the North West along the Russian border prairies and forests are found.


Kazakh Steppes

Most of the country is plain just like Mongolia. About one-third of the country comprises of vast central Asian plain called steppes, mainly in the north of the country. These plains are not as greener or fertile like Mongolian plains or East European plains and are in relatively inhospitable conditions.


Geography of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan Deserts

South and the south-west region is primarily desert or semi-desert.

Kazakhstan Mountain Ranges

There are two mountain ranges that pass through Kazakhstan. Altai Range passes through north east of the country. Tian Shan is in the south-east of the country passes through from China and Kyrgyzstan as well. It contains country highest peak. Khan Tengri, at the border of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and China). Its height is about 22,999 feet.

Kazakhstan Rivers

There are lot of small and medium length river in the country, mostly pour into Caspian and the Aral Sea. Syrdarya is the longest central Asian river. Other notable rivers are Ural, Syr Darya, Ili, Chu, Irtysh (a tributary of Great Russian River Ob), Yesil and Tobol. Last three of these flow northward to Russia and empty in the Arctic Ocean.

Apart from rivers Caspian Sea, the Aral Sea, lake Alakal, Tengiz, Balkhash and Zaysan are the large bodies of water. As I have told earlier that Aral Sea has shrunk a lot, before the disaster occurred it was the fourth largest lake in the world. Now efforts are being made to restore the sea. It is estimated that it would take it 200 years to restore in its original size provided that efforts would remain intact in right directions.


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