Gambia Facts

Gambia Facts

This article "Gambia Facts" is about western African, small and poor country the Gambia.

Smallest African Country

The Gambia is the smallest continental Africa country. Its area is slightly less than Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.

Gambia Facts

Full Name

Republic of The Gambia 






‎ 2,150,000 (2018 estimate)


English (official) / Mandinka, Fula, Wolof, Serer, Jola (national)





Independence Year




Driving side & Plug type

Right side & G type

Official Animal


Form of Government

Unitary presidential republic 

Gambia River - Gambia Facts

Gambia Facts - River Gambia

West African English Speaking Nation

The Gambia is an English speaking country, you can find only a few English speaking countries in western Africa. The reason behind is dated back to the scramble of Africa, as we know that almost all of Africa was colonized by European powers in the 20th century and the language of these colonial power became these countries official language. Most of the west and North African countries were colonized by France and thus you would found French as their official language, Gambia Ghana and Sierra Leone are some exception: as these are some of the few British colonies in West Africa.

History of Gambia

The Gambia was inhabited even in before Christ period. During colonial period it was first colonized by Portugal and later on became part of British Empire. It got freedom in 1965. For the detailed history of Gambia please visit “History of Gambia”.

Gambia Administrative Units

The Gambia is divided into five regions and capital city Banjul. Five regions are Upper River, Central River, Lower River, North Bank and Western.

Gambia Geography

A geographically weird country. As compared to its length it is a quite narrow width wise, a short east to the west prototype of Chile. Geographically penetrated deep into Senegal. The whole country just comprises of two narrow strips of land about 230 kilometers long at the both sides of Gambia River.

The weird shape of Gambia is one of the many alive scar of European colonialism. Terrain of the country is flat and flood plain of Gambia River with surrounding forest and hills. Ten percent of country is covered by water and 40% is used for farming. Its climate is sub-tropical with two seasons, hot rainy and cool dry.

Serekunda is the biggest city of Gambia whereas Banjul is its capital apart from these its other big cities are Brikama, Bakau, Farafenni and Lamin

Gambia Capital

Gambia Capital

Origin of Gambia Name

Name of the country is derived from the River Gambia. The Gambia is only one of two countries whose formal short name starts with “The”, the second country is The Bahamas. Avoiding confusion with Zambia is considered one of the reasons behind it.

Senegal Gambia Relationship

Gambia and Senegal are culturally, religiously and linguistically quite similar. The geographical division is one of the many remaining scars left by European colonial powers and can be seen all around in Africa. Families and tribes are divided across the border, this is quite similar as scattered Pashtun

Tribes along both side of Pakistan and Afghanistan borders. Britain did not build much infrastructure in the Gambia perhaps due to its isolation to its other African counties. In fact, Britain gave it independence considering it would unite with Senegal. They had a short-term loose unification in the 1980s that could not last long though some sort of reunification in future cannot be ruled out.

Gambia Demographics

More than 60% of the population lives in urban areas. The country population is more than 2 million, about 60 percent of the population is with age less than 25. Near 60% of people are literate. About one-third of the population lives below poverty level. More than 90% of the population adheres to Islam. Like most of the African countries, its population constitutes a lot of different ethnic groups with Mandinka is the largest one. Other major ethnic groups are Fula, Wolof and Jola.

Gambia Flag

Flag of Gambia is consist of three horizontal bands of Red, Blue and green, separated by narrow white strips. Here blue represent the Gambia River, red depicts sun and savanna, and green symbolizes the forest and agricultural goods whereas white represents unity and peace.

Major Work Sectors

Tourism, Sea Food, Beverages, Processed Food, Agricultural machineries. Farming and Agriculture


Related Articles