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Cuba Facts | Largest island in the Caribbean Sea


In this general knowledge article "Cuba Facts", we shall have a comprehensive overview Caribbean island nation Cuba. Cuba is the world 17th largest island and largest island in the Caribbean Sea, 7th largest completely island country. For subcontinent readers, Caribbean is one of the large seas at the south of the USA & where countries of West Indies cricket team lie.

Full Name

Republic of Cuba

Capital

Havana

Area

109,884 sq.km

Population

11,239,224

Language

Spanish

Currency

Peso

Religion

Christian (Catholic)

Demonym

Cubans

Independence Year

1902

Drive side & Plug Type

Right side &A/B/C types

Form of Government

Unitary Marxist–Leninist

Communist Country

Cuba is one of the few remaining communist states in the world.

Archaeology of Cuba

It is an island basically an archaeology of 4,000 islands. Apart from the mainland island de la Juventud is the biggest island located at the southwest of main Cuba island. The archipelago consists of four major groups of islands Canarreos(where second largest island de la Juventud exist), the Colorados, the Sabana-Camagüey and the Jardines de la Reina.

 Largest Greater Antilles

It is largest in the Greater Antilles. Greater Antilles area relatively big islands in Caribbean sea that were created millions of years ago when two great tectonic plates Caribbean and North America plate collided. Other notable Greater Antilles islands are Hispaniola, Jamaica and Puerto Rico etc.

Shape of Cuba (El Cocodrilo)

Cuba is a long and narrow island a relatively bigger version of smallest continental African country Gambia. This Caribbean island shape is somewhat like alligator or vacuum cleaner. Due to its resemblance with crocodile, it is often referred as Spanish word “El Cocodrilo”. It stretches around 1,200 kilometers from east to west whereas width is not more than 100 kilometers.

Cuba Discovery & short history

Cuba was inhabited around 4000 BC by Guanahatabey people. Later Taino Awark remained more dominant in the pre-Colombian era. In 1492 Columbus discovered Cuba and claimed the land for Spain. It was one of the most fertile and profitable colony of Spain. Thousands of slaves were imported there from Africa for sugar cultivation. Cuba remained loyal to Spanish during the Latin America independence movements in first quarter of 19th century. The USA captured Cuba during America-Spanish 1898 war. In 1902 Cuba gained independence from the USA, but remained under its influence during next half-century. Then in 1959, Fidel Castro came into power as the result of the communist revolution. He ruled the country about a half century and stepped down in 2006 due to bad health. Since 2006, Fidel brother Raúl Castro is ruling Cuba.

Photo

Cuba revolutionist leader - Fidel Castro

Cuba Neighbors

As we have seen, Cuba is an island country so it does not have any land neighbor. It has maritime border with Jamaica, Honduras, Haiti, the Bahamas and USA.

Cuba Administrative Units

Earlier till 1976, Cuba had 6 provinces. Now it has 15 provinces and a special municipality. Second largest island Isla de la Juventud is a special municipality. La Habana is the most populated province whereas Camagüey is the largest by area.

Cuba Geography

Cuba terrain is mostly flat; in fact, more than half of the country is consist of flat or relatively rolling plains, most of it highly fertile and cultivated throughout the year. About one-fourth of the country is mountainous, mostly in the coastal areas. The Sierra Maestra is the country highest mountain range in stretching in southeastern coast with the highest peak of the country as well named Pico Turquino with the height of 6,650 feet. Other noteworthy mountain ranges are Sierra Cristal in the southeast, Escambray Mountains in central Cuba and the Sierra del Rosario in the northwest of the country. Remember that Sierra in Spanish is used for the mountain range.

There are some wetlands in southern coastal areas covering about 5% of the country, Zapata swamp is the largest one. The remaining area is consist of small hills. Cuba has a lot of small and shallow rivers. Cauto is the longest river with the length of 370 kilometers and origin in the Sierra Maestra. Coast of Cuba constitutes of bays, reefs and islands. Due to its spectacular beauty, it is called Pearl of the Antilles.

Cuba climate is semi tropical as moderated by trade winds. It has two seasons dry and wet.

Photo

'Cuba Facts'Havana

Cuba Demographics

Population of Cuba is more than 11 million. People speak Spanish. It ia a highly urbanized country with near 80% population live in cities. It has a high-class educational system and its literacy rate is more than 99%, one of the highest in the world. Cuba is ethnically a mixed country. According to some studies. About one-third of the population is ethnically mulatto (mixed). Figures regarding whites and blacks are contradictory in different studies. More than 50 percent are whites but African ancestry can be traced in about two-thirds of the Cuban population. Life expectancy is about 80 years. More than 80% of the population is religiously Catholic Christians.

Cuba Flag (lone star)

Flag of Cuba contains 3 blue and two white horizontal stripes, in the alternate style. There is an equilateral red triangle at hoist side that contains a five corner white star. Three blue stripes symbolize Western, Central and Eastern Cuba. White color represents the strength and purity of ideals. Blue color shows whereas star reflects. Red color and star represent the blood spilled by revolutionist. Cuba adopted this flag in 1902. It was designed during the colonial era in 1849 by Narciso Lopez. Some references say that flag was partially inspired by US flag as at that time the US wants to annex Cuba and perhaps many Cubans too.

Major Corps

Sugar, Tobacco, Coffee, Citrus, Coffee, Rice, Potatoes 

Major Minerals

Cobalt, Nickel, Iron Ore, Chromium, Copper, Salt, Timber, Silica, Petroleum

Major Industries

Sugar, Petroleum, Construction, Steel, Cement, Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, Machinery and Equipment


 

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