Capitals of Countries Facts

Capitals of Countries Facts


In this general series article "Capitals of Countries Facts", we would see capitals of the world from various angles. 

World Highest Capital

La Paz (Bolivia) 3,650 m

World lowest capital

The capital of Azerbaijan, Baku is the lowest capital in the world (92 feet below sea level)

World Most Populous Capital

Beijing, capital of China       

World Least Populous capital (apart from Vatican)

Funafuti Tuvalu 6000

World Largest Capital

Tokyo, Japan (Its area is about half of Azad Kashmir)

Most Capitals of a Country

South Africa has three official capitals Pretoria (Administrative), Cape Town (Legislative) and Bloemfontein (Judicial capital).

Country without Capital

The Pacific island nation Nauru is the only country in the world with no official capital (though de facto capital is Yaren where government operates)

Capitals of Countries Facts - Cape Town

Cape Town - Capitals of Countries Facts

Most Dense Capital

Most densely populated capital is Manilla (Philippines)

Hottest Capital

The arguably hottest capital of the world with average temperature 28 °C is Bangkok (Thailand).

Coldest Capital

Mongolia capital Ulan Bator is the world’s coldest capital. 

Most Northern Capital

Reykjavik (Iceland) is the northernmost capital in the world.

Least Populous

Stockholm and Wellington are jointly rated the world’s least polluted capital cities by the World Health Organi­

Country & Capital same name

Following is the list of capital and countries with the same name

Capital

Country

Andorra la Vella

Andorra - Andorra la Vella

Djibouti

Djibouti

Guatemala City

Guatemala

Kuwait City

Kuwait

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Mexico City

Mexico

Monaco

Monaco

Panama City

Panama

San Marino

San Marino

Singapore City

Singapore

Vatican City

Vatican

Capital with similar (not same) name as country


Capital

Country

Algiers

Algeria

Brasilia

Brazil

Santo Domingo

Dominican Republic

San Salvador

El Salvador

Bissau

Guinea-Bissau

São Tomé

São Tomé and Principe

Tunis

Tunisia

Capitals that are no the largest city

Usually capital of the countries are the largest cities, the following is the list of exception

Capitals of Countries Facts - Countries not having largest city as capital

Countries Not Having Largest Cities as Capital

Country

Capital

Largest City

Australia

Canberra

Sydney

Belize

Belmopan

Belize City

Benin

Porto-Novo

Cotonou

Bolivia

Sucre

Santa Cruz de la Sierra

Brazil

Brasília

São Paulo

Cameroon

Yaoundé

Douala

Canada

Ottawa

Toronto

China

Beijing

Shanghai

Côte d'Ivoire

Yamoussoukro

Abidjan

Ecuador

Quito

Guayaquil

Equatorial Guinea

Malabo

Bata

India

New Delhi

Mumbai

Kazakhstan

Astana

Almaty

Liechtenstein

Vaduz

Schaan

Malta

Valletta

Birkirkara

Federated States of Micronesia

Palikir

Weno

Morocco

Rabat

Casablanca

Myanmar

Naypyidaw

Yangon

New Zealand

Wellington

Auckland

Nigeria

Abuja

Lagos

Pakistan

Islamabad

Karachi

Palau

Ngerulmud

Koror

Philippines

Manila

Quezon City

San Marino

San Marino

Serravalle

South Africa

Pretoria

Johannesburg

Sudan

Khartoum

Omdurman

Sri Lanka

Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte

Colombo

Switzerland

Bern

Zürich

Taiwan

Taipei

New Taipei

Tanzania

Dodoma

Dar es Salaam

Trinidad and Tobago

Port of Spain

Chaguanas

Turkey

Ankara

Istanbul

United Arab Emirates

Abu Dhabi

Dubai

United States

Washington, D.C.

New York City

Vietnam

Hanoi

Ho Chi Minh City

Countries with multiple capitals

Most of the countries have one capital but there are few exceptions to it. Some countries permanently or temporality have multiple capitals.

Some organs of the state work in one capital and some in another. Following is the list of the capital that has multiple capitals. The image below shows those countries as well that have multiple capitals in past.

 

Country

Capitals

 Benin

Porto-Novo, Cotonou (De facto )

 Bolivia

Sucre, La Paz

 Chile

Santiago (Official) Valparaíso

 Côte d'Ivoire

Yamoussoukro, Abidjan (De facto)

 Georgia

Tbilisi, Kutaisi

 Honduras

Tegucigalpa (De facto), Comayagüela

 Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya

 The Netherlands

Amsterdam (Official), The Hague

 South Africa

Pretoria(Administrative), Cape Town (Legislative), Bloemfontein (Judicial capital)

 Sri Lanka

Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Official), Colombo

 Swaziland

Mbabane, Lobamba

 Tanzania

Dodoma, Dar es Salaam (De facto)

 Western Sahara(SADR)

Laayoune, Tifariti

 Yemen

Sana'a (Official) ,Aden

 

Capitals of Countries Facts - Countries with multiple capital

Countries Old Capitals

Many countries have changed their capital. There are different reasons to change the capital.

Following is the list of capitals subjected to change. Old capitals that were both set and changed by foreign rulers are not listed.

Country

Capital

Old Capital

Afghanistan

Kabul

Kandahar

Albania

Tirana

Durres

Australia

Canberra

Melbourne

Belize

Belmopan

Belize City

Botswana

Gaborone

Mafeking

Brazil

Brasilia

Rio de Janeiro

Cote d'Ivoire

Yamoussoukro

Abidjan

Federated States of Micronesia

Palikir

Kolonia

Finland

Helsinki

Turku

Germany

Berlin

Bonn moved in 1999

Greece

Athens

Nafplion till 1834

Honduras

Tegucigalpa

Comayagua till 1888

Iran

Tehran

Esfahan & Shiraz

Italy

Rome

Turin, Florence & Salerno

Japan

Tokyo

Kyoto

Kazakhstan

Astana

Almaty

Laos

Vientiane

Luang Prabang

Lithuania

Vilnius since 1939

Kaunas

Malawi

Lilongwe

Zomba

Malta

Valletta

Mdina

Myanmar (Burma)

Nay Pyi Taw

Yangon

Nigeria

Abuja

Lagos

Oman

Muscat

Salalah

Pakistan

Islamabad

Karachi

Palau

Melekeok/ Ngerulmud

Koror

Philippines

Manila

Quezon

Poland

Warsaw

Krakow, in the 16th century

Russia

Moscow

St. Petersburg

Sri Lanka

Kotte

Colombo

Tanzania

Dodoma

Dar es Salaam

Thailand

Bangkok

Ayutthaya

Turkey

Ankara

Istanbul till 1923

United States

Washington D.C.

Philadelphia till 1790

Uzbekistan

Tashkent

Samarkand

Vietnam

Hanoi

Hue

 

Test your knowledge about the capitals of countries facts

World Capitals Test 1

World Capitals Test 2

World Capitals Test 3

More Tests


 

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