All Capital Cities of the World

All Capital Cities of the World


In this "All Capital Cities of the World" article, we shall see the capital of all current countries and identify the major factors that are considered while choosing a capital.

Capital of the Country  

Most of the countries have many cities (obviously city-states are exception o this). Capital is the city where government and its organs function. Legislature, the highest court in the country, foreign embassies, head of state house and all major departments head offices all reside here.   

Parameters to choose Capital

There are different parameters that countries look to choose their capital, based on these even many countries changed their capital as well. 

1. Largest City

Most of the capitals are the largest city and commercial hub of their country. AS the capital is the city where the government functions, countries preferred the location easily accessible for most of the population. As, we can see in case of Brazil, which earlier has Sau Paulo newer the Atlantic coast. The North West region's people found it quite remote, to address this issue they have moved their capital to Brasilia that is relatively in the center of the country thus more accessible even to remote Amazon basin states.

2. Defendable

One of the parameter while selecting capita of the country is to choose a city that geographically defendable. It means a city that is vulnerable to enemy attack is generally avoided.
 
3. Not vulnerable to Natural Disaster
An area susceptible to natural disaster becomes a weak candidate to be selected or selected the status of capital. One of the examples is Tehran that is Iran capital exist on many fault lines, now Iranian government is seriously considering to replace it. The second precedent is Belize City which was the capital of Belize located near its coast and suffered a couple of strong Hurricanes which caused quite damage to the city. So, it moved its capital to Belmopan that is an elevated city.   

4. Suitable for Regime Type

Some countries capital was set by military marshal law dictators with taking into account best place for military affairs and hold. Like in Pakistan capital was moved to Islamabad from Karachi, Islamabad is twin city of Rawalpindi where military headquarters is located. Similarly, Myanmar moved its capital from Yangon to a new build city Naypyitaw by military rulers to avoid any strong protesting crowd in the capital.

5. Not Overcrowded

Overcrowding and pollution are another factors to move or select the capital. In recent decades there are some examples like Nigeria moved its capital from Lagos to Abuja, Sri Lanka moved from Colombo to Kotte and Tanzania choose Dodoma in lieu of Dar-es-Salaam. The major reason in all these case was older capital’s getting overcrowded.

6. Continue the Colonial Capital

Many countries are using the same capitals that were set by their rulers before independence like Finland capital Helsinki was selected by Russian Tsar. Same is true for many African countries who are using the same capital that was once selected by their colonial rulers.

7. Other

There are some other factors like religion, climate etc. that play an important role while choosing a capital.

All Capital Cities of the World

 

Country

Capital

Old Capital

1.

Afghanistan

Kabul

Kandahar

2.

Albania

Tirana

Durres

3.

Algeria

Algiers

 

4.

Andorra

Andorra la Vella

 

5.

Angola

Luanda

 

6.

Antigua and Barbuda

Saint John's

 

7.

Argentina

Buenos Aires

 

8.

Armenia

Yerevan

 

9.

Australia

Canberra

Melbourne

10.

Austria

Vienna

 

11.

Azerbaijan

Baku

 

12.

Bahamas

Nassau

 

13.

Bahrain

Manama

 

14.

Bangladesh

Dhaka

 

15.

Barbados

Bridgetown

 

16.

Belarus

Minsk

 

17.

Belgium

Brussels

 

18.

Belize

Belmopan

Belize City

19.

Benin

Porto Novo

 

20.

Bhutan

Thimphu

 

21.

Bolivia

La Paz

 

22.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo

 

23.

Botswana

Gaborone

 

24.

Brazil

Brasilia

Rio de Janeiro

25.

Brunei

Bandar Seri Begawan

 

26.

Bulgaria

Sofia

 

27.

Burkina Faso

Ouagadougou

 

28.

Burundi

Bujumbura

 

29.

Cambodia

Phnom Penh

 

30.

Cameroon

Yaounde

 

31.

Canada

Ottawa

 

32.

Cape Verde

Praia

 

33.

Central African Republic

Bangui

 

34.

Chad

N'Djamena

 

35.

Chile

Santiago

 

36.

China

Beijing

 

37.

Colombia

Bogota

 

38.

Comoros

Moroni

 

39.

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Kinshasa

 

40.

Congo, Republic of the

Brazzaville

 

41.

Costa Rica

San Jose

 

42.

Cote d'Ivoire

Yamoussoukro

Abidjan

43.

Croatia

Zagreb

 

44.

Cuba

Havana

 

45.

Cyprus

Nicosia

 

46.

Czech Republic

Prague

 

47.

Denmark

Copenhagen

 

48.

Djibouti

Djibouti

 

49.

Dominica

Roseau

 

50.

Dominican Republic

Santo Domingo

 

51.

East Timor

Dili

 

52.

Ecuador

Quito

 

53.

Egypt

Cairo

 

54.

El Salvador

San Salvador

 

55.

Equatorial Guinea

Malabo

 

56.

Eritrea

Asmara

 

57.

Estonia

Tallinn

 

58.

Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

 

59.

Federated States of Micronesia

Palikir

 

60.

Fiji

Suva

 

61.

Finland

Helsinki

Turku

62.

France

Paris

 

63.

Gabon

Libreville

 

64.

Gambia

Banjul

 

65.

Georgia

Tbilisi

 

66.

Germany

Berlin

Bonn

67.

Ghana

Accra

 

68.

Greece

Athens

Nafplion

69.

Grenada

Saint George's

 

70.

Guatemala

Guatemala City

 

71.

Guinea

Conakry

 

72.

Guinea-Bissau

Bissau

 

73.

Guyana

Georgetown

 

74.

Haiti

Port au Prince

 

75.

Honduras

Tegucigalpa

 

76.

Hungary

Budapest

 

77.

Iceland

Reykjavik

 

78.

India

New Delhi

 

79.

Indonesia

Jakarta

 

80.

Iran

Tehran

Esfahan & Shiraz

81.

Iraq

Baghdad

 

82.

Ireland

Dublin

 

83.

Israel

Tel Aviv

 

84.

Italy

Rome

Turin, Florence & Salerno

85.

Jamaica

Kingston

 

86.

Japan

Tokyo

Kyoto

87.

Jordan

Amman

 

88.

Kazakhstan

Astana

Almaty

89.

Kenya

Nairobi

 

90.

Kiribati

Tarawa Atoll

 

91.

Kosovo

Pristina

 

92.

Kuwait

Kuwait City

 

93.

Kyrgyzstan

Bishkek

 

94.

Laos

Vientiane

 

95.

Latvia

Riga

 

96.

Lebanon

Beirut

 

97.

Lesotho

Maseru

 

98.

Liberia

Monrovia

 

99.

Libya

Tripoli

 

100.

Liechtenstein

Vaduz

 

101.

Lithuania

Vilnius

Kaunas

102.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

 

103.

Macedonia

Skopje

 

104.

Madagascar

Antananarivo

 

105.

Malawi

Lilongwe

 

106.

Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur

 

107.

Maldives

Male

 

108.

Mali

Bamako

 

109.

Malta

Valletta

 

110.

Marshall Islands

Majuro

 

111.

Mauritania

Nouakchott

 

112.

Mauritius

Port Louis

 

113.

Mexico

Mexico City

 

114.

Moldova

Chisinau

 

115.

Monaco

Monaco

 

116.

Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar

 

117.

Montenegro

Podgorica

 

118.

Morocco

Rabat

 

119.

Mozambique

Maputo

 

120.

Myanmar (Burma)

Nay Pyi Taw

Yangon

121.

Namibia

Windhoek

 

122.

Nauru

 

123.

Nepal

Kathmandu

 

124.

Netherlands

Amsterdam

 

125.

New Zealand

Wellington

 

126.

Nicaragua

Managua

 

127.

Niger

Niamey

 

128.

Nigeria

Abuja

Lagos

129.

North Korea

Pyongyang

 

130.

Norway

Oslo

 

131.

Oman

Muscat

Salalah

132.

Pakistan

Islamabad

Karachi

133.

Palau

Melekeok

 

134.

Panama

Panama City

 

135.

Papua New Guinea

Port Moresby

 

136.

Paraguay

Asuncion

 

137.

Peru

Lima

 

138.

Philippines

Manila

Quezon

139.

Poland

Warsaw

Krakow, int the 16th century

140.

Portugal

Lisbon

 

141.

Qatar

Doha

 

142.

Romania

Bucharest

 

143.

Russia

Moscow

St. Petersburg

144.

Rwanda

Kigali

 

145.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Basseterre

 

146.

Saint Lucia

Castries

 

147.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Kingstown

 

148.

Samoa

Apia

 

149.

San Marino

San Marino

 

150.

Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome

 

151.

Saudi Arabia

Riyadh

 

152.

Senegal

Dakar

 

153.

Serbia

Belgrade

 

154.

Seychelles

Victoria

 

155.

Sierra Leone

Freetown

 

156.

Singapore

Singapore

 

157.

Slovakia

Bratislava

 

158.

Slovenia

Ljubljana

 

159.

Solomon Islands

Honiara

 

160.

Somalia

Mogadishu

 

161.

South Africa

Pretoria

 

162.

South Korea

Seoul

 

163.

South Sudan

Juba

 

164.

Spain

Madrid

 

165.

Sri Lanka

Kotte

Colombo

166.

Sudan

Khartoum

 

167.

Suriname

Paramaribo

 

168.

Swaziland

Mbabana

 

169.

Sweden

Stockholm

 

170.

Switzerland

Bern

 

171.

Syria

Damascus

 

172.

Taiwan

Taipei

 

173.

Tajikistan

Dushanbe

 

174.

Tanzania

Dodoma

Dar es Salaam

175.

Thailand

Bangkok

Ayutthaya

176.

Togo

Lome

 

177.

Tonga

Nuku'alofa

 

178.

Trinidad and Tobago

Port of Spain

 

179.

Tunisia

Tunis

 

180.

Turkey

Ankara

Istanbul

181.

Turkmenistan

Ashgabat

 

182.

Tuvalu

Funafuti

 

183.

Uganda

Kampala

 

184.

Ukraine

Kiev

 

185.

United Arab Emirates

Abu Dhabi

 

186.

United Kingdom

London

 

187.

United States

Washington D.C.

Philadelphia

188.

Uruguay

Montevideo

 

189.

Uzbekistan

Tashkent

 

190.

Vanuatu

Port Vila

 

191.

Vatican City

Vatican City

 

192.

Venezuela

Caracas

 

193.

Vietnam

Hanoi

Hue

194.

Yemen

Sanaa

 

195.

Zambia

Lusaka

 

196.

Zimbabwe

Harare

 

 

Please find the followings Quizzes to test your knowledge about 'All Capital Cities of the World'

World Capitals Test 1

World Capitals Test 2

World Capitals Test 3

More Tests


 

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